31 August 2017
Improvised Explosive Devices
UN Photo/Violaine Martin
Our Executive Manager Kamelia Kemileva presented our Platform on improvised explosive devices (IEDs) at the informal consultations on IEDs organized by France and Colombia on 31 August at the Palais de Nations.
In her statement she notably stressed the need to address the legal aspects of IEDs. ‘International humanitarian law is an insufficient body of law for this task since considerable part of IEDs’ related attacks occur outside conflicts’ she underlined. ‘Other bodies of law have also to be considered, such as international criminal law: the impunity enjoyed by many perpetrators of IEDs-related attacks is a useful propaganda tool for their continued usage’ she added.
Kamelia Kemileva also stressed the need for a coordinated approach on this issue and the need for a system wide focal point with a specific mandate. ‘The concern raised that the appointment a UN focal point or Special envoy on IEDs would be too costly is frankly absurd’ she stressed. ‘The United Nations frequently creates pro bono positions, where only minor assistance costs are budgeted’ she added.
In 2015, we established a platform to address the thread, use and consequences of the worldwide employment of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and to advance the international agenda for countering them.
This platform is designed to bring together, via annual meetings, policymakers and practitioners from governments, international organizations, NGOs, the military, law enforcement and academia.
The objective is to lead informal discussions for future international action to address IEDs and their impact and to act as a bridge builder between Geneva and New-York (Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons and UN General Assembly) and between all the UN agencies active in countering IEDs.
Partners include the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) and Action on Armed Violence (AOAV). An expert form Chatham House has also been participating, since the inception of the platform, in conceptualizing its substance.
Our Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law, Dr Annyssa Bellal, participated on 28 and 29 July 2016 to the 'Transatlantic Workshop on International Law and Armed Conflict'.
UN Photo/ Jean Marc Ferré
In the perspective of a conference co-organized with the Global Studies Institute (University of Geneva), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and the Canton of Geneva, we invite proposals that focus on the role of human rights mechanisms in implementing international humanitarian law.
This project intends to clarify the conditions of accountability for international crimes by providing a detailed assessment of the customary international law status of, in particular, the actus reus and mens rea elements of modes of liability: planning, instigating, conspiracy, direct and indirect perpetration, co-perpetration, the three forms of joint criminal enterprise, the doctrine of common purpose under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, command responsibility and aiding and abetting.
The U.S. Army
The International Code of Conduct for Private Security Providers is the result of an active collaboration between members of the private security industry, the Geneva Academy, Swiss Department of Foreign Affairs and Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).