Qualification of Armed Conflict / International Human Rights Law / Counter-terrorism / States of Emergency / Positive Obligations / Extraterritoriality
Sandra Krähenmann is a Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy.
Her research focuses on the theory and practice of international law that applies in armed conflict and other situations of violence, including terrorism, and the intersection between transitional justice and peacebuilding in international law.
Previously, Dr Krähenmann worked in the law of armed conflict section at the Swiss Ministry of Defence, as a consultant for the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), and as a teaching assistant at both the Geneva Academy and the University of Geneva.
She holds a PhD in International Law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Her doctoral thesis examined the doctrine of positive obligations in human rights treaties.
This project aims at mapping various existing accountability mechanisms, in the context of military interventions, through the lens of the requirements of a transitional justice process in order to identify possibilities and gaps.
Against the background of the mobilization of ‘foreign fighters’ for the conflicts in Syria and Iraq, the Geneva Academy undertook various research projects to highlight and clarify a range of international law issues that arise through their participation and measures taken to stem their mobilization.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts project (RULAC) is a unique online portal that identifies and classifies all situations of armed violence that amount to an armed conflict under international humanitarian law (IHL). It is primarily a legal reference source for a broad audience, including non-specialists, interested in issues surrounding the classification of armed conflicts under IHL.
This course focuses on the specific issues that arise in times of armed conflict regarding the respect, protection and fulfillment of human rights. It addresses key issues like the applicability of human rights in times of armed conflict; the possibilities of restricting human rights under systems of limitations and derogations; and the extraterritorial application of human rights law.
This course provides an introductory overview of international law principles relating to accountability for human rights atrocities more generally. It introduces students to the relevant sources, mechanisms and actors, as well as the limits to accountability under international law.
Andrea de Guttry, Francesca Capone and Christophe Paulussen, Foreign Fighters under International Law and Beyond, TMC Asser
Robert Kolb and Gloria Gaggioli, Research Handbook on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Edward Elgar Publishing
Sandra Krähenmann, Robert Kolb
Paola Gaeta, The UN Genocide Convention: A Commentary, Oxford University Press