The War Report article Georgia-Abkhazia: The Predominance of Irreconcilable Positions presents an overview of the Georgia-Abkhaz conflict, including its historical elements, the first conflict that began in August 1992, violence that sparked in 1998 and 2001, the August 2008 war, the six-point agreement of 12 August 2008 and developments in 2018.
The article, written by Grazvydas Jasutis during his time as Visiting Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy, also presents the humanitarian implications of the conflict, as well as the main actors involved: the Georgian armed forces, the Russian armed forces and the Abkhazian armed forces. It will form part, along with other analysis of conflict situations, of the War Report 2018 which will be published at the beginning of 2019.
‘This publication provides a comprehensive overview of this long-lasting conflict that goes on for more than 15 years’ underlines Dr Annyssa Bellal, Senior Research Fellow and Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law at the Geneva Academy.
‘Written by a scholar and conflict management practitioner with extensive experience in the region, it allows grasping with the complex historical, legal and humanitarian dimensions of this conflict’ she adds.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of the military occupation of Georgia (region of Abkhazia) by Russia, including an overview of the situation, its classification as a military occupation and applicable law.
Our Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online database features new non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) that are taking place in Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Somalia. It provides, for each conflict, the factual and methodological basis for its classification and identifies the parties and the applicable international law. Visitors can discover these new NIACs either by browsing the map or by browsing conflicts by type or region.
In 2017, 55 situations of armed violence amounted to armed conflicts according to the definitions under international humanitarian law and international criminal law. The vast majority were non-international armed conflicts, as in preceding years. The analysis highlights two salient features: the multiplication of armed non-state actors and unprecedented casualties linked to armed gang violence.
In this Military Briefing, co-organized with Geneva Call, panelists will discuss the operational challenges and opportunities of turning guerrillas into deminers.
This short course discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
Several ad hoc fact-finding and inquiry commissions have been established to assess some of the most serious situations of human rights and humanitarian law violations across the world. With such mechanisms gaining influence, the question arises of whether a minimum formal standard of proof (or degree of certainty) exists or is required when such bodies adjudicate on such serious matters.
UN Photo/Stuart Price
This research project aimed to clarify the multiple facets of post-conflict peacebuilding.