Our new Research Brief The Right to Seeds and Intellectual Property Rights summarizes key findings linked to the recognition of peasants’ right to seeds in the context of the current negotiation of a UN Declaration on the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas (UN Declaration) at the UN Human Rights Council (HRC).
For over 10,000 years, peasants have saved, selected, exchanged and sold seeds, as well as used and reused them to produce food.
While these customary rights have been recognized in international law since 2001, peasants are faced with significant challenges. The promotion of commercial seed systems and the adoption of national laws for the implementation of international trade agreements often prioritize the protection of private intellectual property rights over seeds at the expense of peasant communities. ‘This tendency to protect commercial interests of plant breeders and patent-holders – in many cases corporations – often runs against peasants’ rights to food and seeds’ underlines Christophe Golay, the author of the report.
Today, the vast majority of people living in rural areas in developing countries rely on peasant food and seeds systems. The recognition of the right to seeds in the UN Declaration is therefore crucial for the realization of peasants’ human rights, notably their right to food.
As HR are higher norms than intellectual property rights, such recognition would require the revision of national laws and trade agreements to make sure that they do not infringe, but facilitate the realization of peasants’ rights to food and seeds.
‘There are precedents that show that this can be done’ highlights Christophe Golay. The recognition of the rights to health and access to medicine in the context of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS agreement) at the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001 is one of them. Another is the adoption of the 2001 Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Rights Act in India.
‘In drafting the UN Declaration, negotiators should recognize the core elements of the right to seeds’ stresses Christophe Golay. ‘These include peasants’ rights to save, exchange, donate, sell, use and reuse farm-saved seeds of peasants’ varieties, and to maintain, control, protect and develop these seeds and property over them’ he adds.
Our new Research Brief Gender Equality and the Right to Food in Contexts of Agricultural Commercialization highlights the role international human rights law and policies on the right to food and gender equality may play in mitigating the negative impacts of agricultural development.
Olivier Chamard / Geneva Academy
More than 60 participants – leading experts, states’ representatives, academics and civil society’s representatives – discussed the inclusion of a right to land and other natural resources in the UN declaration on the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas.
This training course provides participants with an in-depth examination of the complex relationship between human rights and land grabbing.
This training course explores the relationship between economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) and sustainable development goals (SDGs), and provides participants with practical tools to include ESCR and the SDGs in their work.
This six-year project aims to provide evidence-based knowledge for the formulation and promotion of innovative strategies and policy options that improve food sustainability.
This project aims to support efforts to strengthen the promotion and protection of the rights of peasants, and in particular to provide expert support to the negotiations taking place at the Human Rights Council.