Protection of Education in Armed Conflict

Completed in December 2014

Commissioned by the Qatar-based Education Above All Foundation (EAA), and researched and authored by the Geneva Academy, this project analyzed how United Nations (UN) human rights treaty bodies and relevant UN Charter-based mechanisms and entities have addressed the implementation of the right to education and other relevant rights in armed conflict and armed violence.

The research notably looked at the UN Human Rights Council (including the Universal Periodic Review); UN treaty bodies such as the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Committee on the Rights of the Child, Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, and Human Rights Committee; UN Special Procedure (both thematic and country mandates); the UN Security Council Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism established under Resolution 1612; and the country-specific UN fact-finding missions and commissions of inquiry.

TEAM

Picture of Stuart Casey-Maslen

Stuart Casey-Maslen

Picture of takhmina Karimova

Takhmina Karimova

Picture of Gilles Giacca

Gilles Giacca

OUTPUT

Recommendations to Better Protect the Right to Education During Armed Conflict

The final report, United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms and the Right to Education in Insecurity and Armed Conflict (2013), offers recommendations on how such protection might be strengthened. These include a call for greater attention to the impact of disability on access to education in insecurity and armed conflict; also, protection should consistently concern all levels of education to ensure the rights of adults as well as those of children to high-quality education are respected, protected and fulfilled.

The report considers how UN human rights mechanisms have conceptualized the right to education. It concludes that positive international legal obligations to respect, protect and provide education continue to apply during insecurity and armed conflict and that targeted attacks against educational staff, students and facilities, whether by armed forces or armed non-state actors, violate the right to education.

The Policy Summary of the report outlines key policy issues and recommendations relating to the protection of the right to education in armed conflict.

Publications

Cover of Protection of Education in Armed Conflict

United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms and the Right to Education in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

October 2013

PEIC

Download >

Cover of Policy Summary: United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms and the Right to Education in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

Policy Summary: United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms and the Right to Education in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

October 2013

PEIC

Download >

MORE ON THIS THEMATIC AREA

Libya, Fighters are seen in a house during an attack against militants. IHL Talks

Assessing Grounds for the Use of Force in Non-International Armed Conflict: What Legal Framework?

June 2018, 12:45-14:15

This IHL Talk will discuss the legal framework for assessing the lawfulness of the use of force in non-international armed conflicts with regard to members of armed groups and how this relates to current state practice.

Read more

Syria, Aleppo, Al-Swaiqa. Destructions at the entrance of one of the ancient bazars in the city. Current Issues in Armed Conflict Conference

Current Issues in Armed Conflict Conference

June 2018, 10:00-19:30

This year's edition will take place in London and will notably discuss the global system for accountability, reparations and justice, the qualification of armed conflict, armed gangs and organized crime and emerging military technologies.

Read more

Syria, Aleppo. The build-up of waste is a serious health risk Training

Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Sustainable Development Goals

17- September 2018

This training course explores the relationship between economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and provides participants with practical tools to include ESCR and the SDGs in their work.

Read more

Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Lower Dir disctrict, Kamala village. Those farmers lucky enough to have Training

The Protection of Human Rights and the Environment

2- July 2018

This training course provides participants with a deep understanding of the international legal framework for the protection of human rights (HR) and the environment as well as in-depth knowledge of how to promote environmental protection through existing HR mechanisms.

Read more

Screenshot of the RULAC webpage Project

Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC)

Started in May 2007

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts project (RULAC) is a unique online portal that identifies and classifies all situations of armed violence that amount to an armed conflict under international humanitarian law (IHL). It is primarily a legal reference source for a broad audience, including non-specialists, interested in issues surrounding the classification of armed conflicts under IHL.

Read more

ICC Trial Chamber VIII declares Mr Al Mahdi guilty of the war crime of attacking historic and religious buildings in Timbuktu and sentences him to nine years’ imprisonment Project

Modes of Liability for International Crimes

Started in January 2015

This project intends to clarify the conditions of accountability for international crimes by providing a detailed assessment of the customary international law status of, in particular, the actus reus and mens rea elements of modes of liability: planning, instigating, conspiracy, direct and indirect perpetration, co-perpetration, the three forms of joint criminal enterprise, the doctrine of common purpose under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, command responsibility and aiding and abetting.

Read more