Police Use of Force

Completed in December 2015

Freedom of assembly, specifically for the purpose of protest, concerns every state. A state that obstructs or prevents peaceful protests, deems them unlawful or uses force to disperse or deter them is not only potentially violating the right to freedom of assembly, but also creating conditions that invite violence.

This project aimed to identify best practices in facilitating and enhancing states’ fulfilment of international rules and standards related to police use of force. This body of international law notably comprises international human rights law and criminal justice standards, in particular the 1990 Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (1990 Basic Principles).

In April 2013 the Geneva Academy organized – with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) – an international expert meeting in Vienna on police use of force and the 1990 Basic Principles.

Follow-up regional meetings took place in Africa, the Americas and the Middle East / North Africa between 2013 and 2015. These discussed the 1990 Basic Principles and identified failures and good operational practices in domestic regulations and policing practices in the context of peaceful protests.

PROJECT'S DOCUMENTS

TEAM

Picture of Stuart Casey-Maslen

Stuart Casey-Maslen

Picture of Milena Costas

Milena Costas Trascasas

OUTPUT

In February 2015 the Geneva Academy organized a panel event to launch Academy Briefing No. 5, Facilitating Peaceful Protests. The Briefing takes stock of existing international standards and case law and provides examples of good and poor state practice.

Publications

Cover of the Briefing No5: Facilitating Peaceful Protests

Briefing N°5: Facilitating Peaceful Protests

January 2014

Stuart Casey-Maslen, Milena Costas Trascasas

Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

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MORE ON THIS THEMATIC AREA

Cover page of the In-Brief News

Use of Force in Law Enforcement and the Right to Life: The Role of the UN Human Rights Council

November 2016

Our new publication examines how the right to life is affected by law enforcement agencies’ use of force and identifies how the HRC could further promote respect for international standards governing policing.

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Peru, Lima. Anti-riot policemen during a demonstration. Project

Current Human Rights Challenges

Started in January 2015

This initiative aims at creating a platform allowing leading academics, experts and practitioners who work on right to life issues. It also develops research identifying and discussing some of the cutting-edge development as far as this seminal right is concerned, in the human rights, humanitarian law and the violence reduction contexts.

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