Gabriella Citroni

Gabriella Citroni

Professor of International Human Rights Law at the University of Milano-Bicocca

Areas of expertise

International Human Rights Law  /  Enforced Disappearances  /  UN Human Rights Mechanisms  /  Transitional Justice  /  Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions  /  Crimes against Humanity  /  Inter-American Human Rights System  /  Right to Truth  /  Prohibition of Torture and Inhumane Treatment  /  Measures of Reparation for Gross Human Rights Violations

Gabriella Citroni is Professor of International Human Rights Law at the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy. She is also the international legal advisor for the Latin American Federation of Associations for Relatives of the Detained-Disappeared (FEDEFAM) and Senior Legal Advisor for the NGO TRIAL International.

Her research focuses on subjects related to international human rights law and she cooperates with a number of NGOs, providing legal assistance to victims of serious human rights violations and their relatives in different countries including Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Nepal, Morocco, Colombia, Peru, Iraq, Honduras and Mexico. She has written a number of articles and books on international human rights law.

In 2016, she was appointed consultant at the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights to review the Tunisian draft law on the crime of enforced disappearance. In 2015, she was an external consultant for the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights for the drafting of an issue paper on missing persons and victims of enforced disappearance in Europe. Further, she was appointed expert witness before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in two cases of enforced disappearance (Comunidad Campesina de Santa Bárbara v Perú, and Vereda La Esperanza v Colombia). In 2010, she was an external consultant for the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances for the drafting of a study on best practices on enforced disappearances in domestic criminal legislation.

From 2003 to 2005 she was a member, as legal advisor, of the Italian delegation to the UN during the negotiations of the International Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.

Taught Courses

Sri Lanka, Mannar. A father looks at the last photo taken of his missing son. LLM - Course

Enforced Disappearances in International Law

This course examines the existing international legal framework and jurisprudence on the phenomenon of enforced disappearance. While the main focus is international human rights law, references are made, where pertinent, to international humanitarian law and international criminal law.

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Publications

Cover of the Journal of International Criminal Justice

The Specialist Chambers of Kosovo – The Applicable Law and the Special Challenges Related to the Crime of Enforced Disappearance

February 2016

Gabriella Citroni

Journal of International Criminal Justice, Volume 14, Issue 1

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Cover of the Journal of International Criminal Justice

The Pitfalls of Regulating the Legal Status of Disappeared Persons Through Declaration of Death

August 2014

Gabriella Citroni

Journal of International Criminal Justice, Volume 12, Issue 4

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Cover of the Book

Las desapariciones forzadas de niños en Centroamérica

July 2014

Gabriella Citroni, in Casado M. López Ortega J. J. (eds), Desapariciones forzadas de niños en Europa y Latinoamérica

Universitat de Barcelona

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Cover of the book

The Struggle against Enforced Disappearance and the 2007 United Nations Convention

August 2007

Gabriella Citroni, Tullio Scovazzi

Leiden

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