October 2017 - June 2018
Application start 1 March 2017
Application end 5 October 2017


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Course Catalogue

Sanctions in Public International Law: Selected Topics

Giovanni Distefano

What role do sanctions play in international law? What are the conditions for implementing sanctions against a state? Who decides? Are sanctions a useful tool for avoiding or stopping armed conflicts? This course provides an introduction to the regime of sanctions under international law and their effectiveness in addressing contemporary forms of conflict. It addresses the questions related to state responsibility, the pacific settlement of international disputes and the role of the International Court of Justice.

From Use of Force to Responsibility to Protect

Tarcisio Gazzini

What rules govern the use of force in international law? Are there specific rules applying to military interventions on humanitarian grounds? What does the concept of ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) encompass? How has it been applied? The course provides an overview of the evolution of the rules governing the use of force in international law, focusing on military intervention on humanitarian grounds and the creation of the United Nations collective security system. It then addresses the concept of R2P as developed by the General Assembly and put into effect by the Security Council and members of the organization. The course considers the main legal issues related to the nature, content, scope and implementation of R2P. It analyzes both the positive and problematic dimensions of developments concerning R2P, with particular reference to the situations in Libya and Syria as well as the recent proposal for the more advanced concept of ‘Responsibility while Protecting’.