5 March 2019
The adoption of the United Nations (UN) Declaration on the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas (UNDROP) is the outcome of more than ten years of work by social movements, civil society organizations, states, experts, and academic institutions like the Geneva Academy. It represents a major step towards better protection of the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas worldwide, a group that represents 70 percent of people living in extreme poverty and 80 percent of the world’s hungry.
‘The adoption of the UN Declaration was just a first step and it is now crucial to ensure that the rights enshrined in this important instrument will be fully implemented. We had the privilege to accompany the negotiation process for so many years, and we will now be engaged with all actors who shall take steps to put the UN Declaration into practice’ stresses Dr Christophe Golay, Special Adviser on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights at the Geneva Academy and author of the Research Brief.
Our new Research Brief The Implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas discusses the roles and responsibilities of governments, parliaments, domestic courts, National Human Rights Institutions, UN specialized agencies, funds and programmes, the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), regional organizations and human rights mechanisms, the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), and the Committee on World Food Security in implementing the UNDROP. It also stresses that the UNDROP should be mainstreamed into the strategies aimed at achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
‘Lessons learned from the implementation of the UN Declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples show that all branches of the state, including the executive, legislative and judiciary must be involved and that new monitoring mechanisms must be established at the international level’ explains Dr Golay.
The UNDROP recognizes peasants’ right to participation in all decision-making processes that may affect their lives, lands and livelihoods, notably to reverse the structural discrimination faced by peasants and other people working in rural areas.
‘In the implementation of the UNDROP, states shall promote full and meaningful participation of peasants. But this is not enough. They shall also respect and support the establishment and growth of strong and independent organizations of peasants and other people working in rural areas’ explains Dr Golay.
While many recommendations of the Research Brief are addressed to states, the publication also recommends the creation of new monitoring mechanisms, such as a new Special Procedure and a new Expert Mechanism of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) on the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas.
‘In another study to be published later in 2019, we will describe the specific role of existing monitoring mechanisms, including the Universal Periodic Review, UN special procedures and UN treaty bodies in monitoring the implementation of the UNDROP’ concludes Dr Golay.
This new publication will be presented at the 40th session of the HRC during a side event on 6 March on the implementation of the UN Declaration.
The Geneva Human Rights Platform provides a dynamic forum in Geneva for all stakeholders in the field of human rights – experts, practitioners, diplomats and civil society – to discuss and debate topical issues and challenges. Relying on academic research and findings, it aims at enabling various actors to become better connected, break down silos and, hence, advance human rights.
Our new publication Defending the Boundary analyses the constraints and requirements on the use of autonomous weapon systems (AWS), also called ‘killer robots’, under international humanitarian law and international human rights law.
La trilogie ‘Des Procès peu Ordinaires’ continue avec la projection du film Le Tribunal sur le Congo de Milo Rau.
This training course explores the relationship between economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and provides participants with practical tools to include ESCR and the SDGs in their work.
This training course provides participants with a deep understanding of the international legal framework for the protection of human rights and the environment as well as in-depth knowledge of how to promote environmental protection through existing human rights mechanisms. The 2019 edition will dedicate special attention to plastic pollution.
This research project, aims via the drafting of a practitioners’ guide on human rights and countering corruption, to clarify the conceptual relationship between human rights, good governance and anticorruption, demonstrate the negative impact of corruption on human rights and provide guidance and make practical recommendations for effectively using the UN human rights system in anti-corruption efforts.
UN Photo / Pierre Albouy
This project, launched in 2016, examines different concepts of universality, maps contemporary challenges to the principle of HR universality in the context of specific themes covered by the HRC and discusses the role of the HRC in the promotion and protection of universally guaranteed HR.