Extraterritorial non-international armed conflicts, i.e. an armed conflict where a state uses force against a non-state armed group located in another state’s territory, give rise to new challenges for international humanitarian law (IHL).
One of these challenges concerns the classification of the situation. A minority still argues in favour of a single international armed conflict, but a majority now agrees to classify such a use of force as a non-international armed conflict. Nonetheless, if the territorial state does not consent to the use of force by the foreign state, the proponents of a single non-international armed conflict disagree with the advocates of the so-called double classification, i.e. parallel international and non-international armed conflicts. Depending on the approach chosen for classification, the applicable law for belligerent acts might differ. In addition, the extraterritorial dimension of the situation could be problematic regarding the applicability of some IHL treaties, such as Additional Protocol II to the Geneva Conventions.
This event proposes to discuss these current issues on classification and applicable law under IHL.
Tram 15, tram stop Butini
Bus 1 or 25, bus stop Sécheron
Villa Moynier is accessible to people with disabilities. If you have a disability or any additional needs and require assistance in order to participate fully, please email info[at]geneva-academy.ch
As Swiss IHL Chair, Professor Geiß will develop and promote the Geneva Academy’s expertise in the area of new military technologies via policy work, cutting-edge research, expert meetings, the development of partnerships, teaching and the launch of a new lecture series on this issue.
The Senegalese government is engaged in a decades-old non-international armed conflict (NIAC) in Casamance. Our RULAC online portal provides a detailed analysis and legal classification of this NIAC, including information about parties to the conflict, its classification as a NIAC and applicable international law.
Robin Geiß, Swiss Chair of IHL at the Geneva Academy, will explore the disruptive potential of new military technologies with a focus on those areas where these technologies could fall through the cracks of the international legal order.
This event marks the launch in Geneva of the book International Humanitarian Law and Non-State Actors: Debates, Law and Practice.
This short course discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
This short course aims to study, in depth, an emblematic example of the complexity of international humanitarian law and the challenges it raises: the classification of armed conflicts.
UN Photo/Stuart Price
This project aims at mapping various existing accountability mechanisms, in the context of military interventions, through the lens of the requirements of a transitional justice process in order to identify possibilities and gaps.
Resulting from traditional legal research and informal interviews with experts, the project aims at examining how – if at all possible – IHL could be more systematically, appropriately and correctly dealt with by the human rights mechanisms emanating from the Charter of the United Nations, as well from universal and regional treaties.