October 2021 - August 2021
Study Mode Part-time
Application start 26 March 2021
Application end 13 September 2021
This course examines the sources of international humanitarian law (IHL). It provides an introduction to the key principles and terminology of IHL. After completing this course, participants will have a thorough knowledge of the sources of IHL.
This course examines the conduct of hostilities in situations of international armed conflict (IAC), also known as the Law of The Hague. As such, it covers prohibited means and methods of warfare, allowing participants to judge objectively whether the behaviour of a party to a conflict conforms to the rules of international humanitarian law (IHL) applicable in a specific instance. Following this course, participants will know who the protected persons and goods are and what IHL rules can be used for their protection in IAC.
While international humanitarian law (IHL) was initially drafted and is still most detailed for international armed conflicts (IACs), most armed conflicts are today of a non-international character (NIACs). This course discusses the protection offered by IHL in NIACs and examines why and to what extent IHL of IACs and IHL of NIACs are different or similar, as well as where the rules applicable to NIACs can be found. It also addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
This course examines an emblematic example of the complexity of international humanitarian law (IHL) and the challenges it raises: the classification of armed conflicts (ACs). The course first analyzes the contours of the various categories of ACs (e.g. international AC, internationalized non-international ACs, wars of national liberation, belligerent occupations, high-intensity and low-intensity non-international ACs) in connection with the traditional distinction between non-international and international ACs. The course then questions the relevance of this last distinction in light of the requirements of contemporary ACs and the increased role played by independent actors within them. The course relies, as much as possible, on concrete examples illustrating the different categories of ACs and the controversies they raise.
This course will delve into one of the most challenging and important aspects of international humanitarian law (IHL) – its implementation in practice. It will cover the ‘nuts and bolts’ of implementation, including national legislation, dissemination and training, and discuss the mechanisms such as the International Fact-Finding Commission, as set out in the treaties. However, it will also explore challenges of implementation and challenge students to think critically and creatively about how to make IHL – a body of law considered by some to be ‘at the vanishing point of international law’ – work in practice.