September 2024 - August 2024
Study Mode Full-time
Application start 27 November 2023
Application end 24 February 2024
Application end (with scholarship) 26 January 2024


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Sandra Krähenmann

Sandra Krähenmann

Senior Policy and Legal Adviser, Geneva Call

Areas of expertise

International Humanitarian Law  /  Qualification of Armed Conflict  /  International Human Rights Law  /  Armed Non-State Actors  /  Counter-terrorism  /  States of Emergency  /  Positive Obligations  /  Extraterritoriality

Dr Sandra Krähenmann is a Senior Policy and Legal Adviser at Geneva Call.

She conducts legal research on the impact of counter-terrorism on human rights law and international humanitarian law, during the last two years with a particular focus on measures to stem the so-called foreign fighter phenomenon. She has written a series of articles on these topics and is currently co-authoring a book on the protection of human rights in times of terror and conflicts.

Previously, Sandra Krähenmann was a Senior Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy, where, amongst others, she was the lead researcher for the RULAC project, a website that analyses whether or not situations of armed violence amount to an armed conflict under international humanitarian law.

Before joining the Geneva Academy, Sandra Krähenmann worked for the Swiss Ministry of Defense, as a consultant for various NGOs and as a teaching assistant at the University of Geneva.

She holds a PhD in international law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva.

Taught Courses

North Kivu province, Kitchanga downtown. The insanitary conditions next to the market worsens the situation of the residents affected by the recent violence. Executive Master - Course

The Interplay between International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

This course focuses on the specific issues that arise for the respect, protection and fulfilment of human rights in times of armed conflict and how human rights apply together with international humanitarian law in times of armed conflict.

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Room at the UN Headquarters in New York Master in transitional justice - Course

International Law and Transitional Justice: Mapping the Terrain

This introductory course provides a mapping of the various fields of international law in order to give students a birds’ view on the relevant legal frameworks, their main rules relevant for transitional justice processes, their respective scopes of application, and their implementation mechanisms.

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Cover of the Book Definitions


March 2018

Sandra Krähenmann

Frank Haldemann and Thomas Unger, The United Nations Principles to Combat Impunity. A Commentary, Oxford University Press

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Cover of The Obligations of the State of Nationality or Habitual Residence, State of Transit, and State of Destination

The Obligations of the State of Nationality or Habitual Residence, State of Transit, and State of Destination

February 2016

Sandra Krähenmann

Andrea de Guttry, Francesca Capone and Christophe Paulussen, Foreign Fighters under International Law and Beyond, TMC Asser

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Cover of the Research Handbook on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

Positive Obligations During Armed Conflict

October 2013

Sandra Krähenmann

Robert Kolb and Gloria Gaggioli, Research Handbook on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Edward Elgar Publishing

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