20 September 2018
With a view to connecting discussions on improvised explosive devices (IEDs) that are taking place in Geneva and New York, the disarmament community met at the Geneva Academy to discuss the scope and operational content of the 2018 United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) resolution on IEDs.
This meeting forms part of the Geneva Academy Platform on IEDs, which brings together, via annual meetings, policymakers and practitioners from governments, international organizations, NGOs, the military, law enforcement and academia.
‘As last years, we had an important participation from the Geneva disarmament community with a mixture of actors, including the permanent representative of France to the Conference on Disarmament Yann Hwang, diplomats, academia and representatives from civil society and law enforcement agencies’ underlines Kamelia Kemileva, the convenor of the Platform on IEDs.
The outcome document summarizes the discussions and formulates new ideas and proposals for the 2018 UNGA resolution.
‘This short document will be very useful for the discussions on IEDs that will take place in New York and will contribute to bringing Geneva's expertise to the General Assembly’ stresses Kamelia Kemileva.
In 2015, the Geneva Academy established a platform to address the thread, use and consequences of the worldwide employment of IEDs, and to advance the international agenda for countering them.
Partners include the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) and Action on Armed Violence (AOAV). An expert from Chatham House has also been participating, since the inception of the platform, in conceptualizing its substance.
This platform is designed to bring together, via annual meetings, policymakers and practitioners from governments, international organizations, NGOs, the military, law enforcement and academia. It is recognized as a key coordination and information exchange tool on IEDs.
The objective is to lead informal discussions for future international action to address IEDs and their impact, building on the ‘Food for Thought’ paper circulated by the Co-Coordinators on IEDs of the Informal Group of Experts under Amended Protocol II of the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW), as well as other existing resources. The platform also aims at acting as a bridge builder between Geneva and New-York (Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons and UN General Assembly) and between all UN agencies active in countering IEDs.
Annual meetings of the platform are conducted under Villa Moynier Rules – more restrictive than the Chatham House Rule – to allow full cooperation and a higher degree of informality and interactivity among participants.
IEDs represent an increasing threat. According to AOAV data, 7,223 IED attacks occurred in the last six years (2011–2016), which caused at least 124,317 deaths and injuries. Of the dead and injured, 100,696 (81 percent) were civilians.
Meanwhile, the impact on the stability and robustness of affected states is also a matter of serious concern, notably in relation to the impact on security, particularly regional security, and its linkages to cross-border trafficking and terrorist networks.
The use of IEDs is also a direct threat to the credibility of public institutions and can lead to a lack of confidence and increased insecurity in already fragile states. In addition, IED use has a direct impact on the capacity to conduct peace and stability operations, as well as humanitarian response and development efforts.
Until the adoption in 2015 of the first UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution on the issue, there was no comprehensive international text (resolution or other) addressing all the particularities of IEDs.
This project will explore humanitarian consequences and protection needs caused by the digitalization of armed conflicts and the extent to which these needs are addressed by international law, especially international humanitarian law.