Will De Freitas
11 December 2018
The War Report article The Eritrea-Ethiopia Armed Conflict provides detailed information about the history of this conflict, the peace process and the final Algiers Agreement, the deployment of peacekeeping operations until 2008, the work and conclusions of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) and the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission (EECC), as well as recent developments.
Written by Tadesse Kebebew, Teaching Assistant at the Geneva Academy and PhD student at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, it will form part of the War Report 2018 which will be published at the beginning of 2019.
This article provides the tools to understand the complex dynamics of this armed conflict that has been lasting for 20 years.
‘Following the 1998-2000 war, Eritrea and Ethiopia remained locked in a stalemate for two decades marked by sporadic skirmishes – including an attack on Eritrean military installations in 2012 and another one on Tserona in June 2016 – and Ethiopia’s military occupation of Badme’ explains Tadesse Kebebew.
The article also analyses recent developments, including the 9 July 2018 Joint Declaration of Peace and Freedom, as well as the lack of investigation or prosecution, from both sides, regarding possible war crimes.
‘Written by a scholar with extensive experience in the region, this article summarizes not only the historical and legal dimensions of the conflict and the different views of the parties but also contentious issue like missing prisoners of war’ adds Dr Annyssa Bellal, editor of the War Report.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of the military occupation of Eritrea by Ethiopia, including an overview of the situation, its classification as a military occupation and applicable law.
Our new publication Libya: A Short Guide to the Conflict provides an overview of the current situation in Libya and key developments in 2017. It notably describes the many sources of the instability in the country from 2014 until today and provides an overview of the role and involvement of the various armed groups, as well as a mapping of foreign involvement in the Libyan conflict.
The Geneva Academy, represented by three LLM students – Yasmin Afina from Indonesia, Guillem Puri Plana from Spain and Noa Schreuer from Israel/Germany – reached the semi-finals of the prestigious 2018 Jean-Pictet Competition.
A side event co-organized with Geneva Call at the 33rd International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.
This short course discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
This short course provides an overview of the evolution of the rules governing the use of force in international law, focusing on military intervention on humanitarian grounds and the creation of the United Nations collective security system. It then addresses the concept of the responsibility to protect.
Resulting from traditional legal research and informal interviews with experts, the project aims at examining how – if at all possible – IHL could be more systematically, appropriately and correctly dealt with by the human rights mechanisms emanating from the Charter of the United Nations, as well from universal and regional treaties.
This research project looked at the protection of civilian populations subject to the control of a foreign army by analyzing the link between the international law of military occupation and human rights.